DUPLLO: Digital Upgrade for Premier LOFAR Low-band Observing (ASTRON)
Understanding the Universe and the strange objects within it requires combining complementary observations at different wavelengths of light, including low-frequency radio waves, uniquely well detected by LOFAR. DUPPLO will greatly enhance the sensitivity and discovery potential of LOFAR at the lowest frequencies, enabling deep observations through an unexplored window on the Universe. Data at the lowest frequencies observable from Earth will enable breakthrough science on topics ranging from our solar system to the early history of the Universe. The amount awarded is 3.450.000 euros. For more information about this project please visit the ASTRON website.
Gravitational waves: The new cosmic messengers (Nikhef)
What happened at the Big Bang? What is the nature of black holes? What is the structure of neutron stars? With the revolutionary first direct detection of a gravitational wave in 2015, we now have a messenger at hand to address these –and other– fundamental questions. To do so efficiently, significant improvements of the detectors are needed, which this proposal ensures for the Virgo interferometer, located in Pisa, Italy. The amount awarded is 3.520.000 euros. For more information about this project please visit the Nikhef website.
Searching for Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic-Ray Sources using a new Detector Concept in the Pierre Auger Observatory (Nikhef/Radboud University)
The highest energy subatomic particles originate from outside our Milky Way and are still a mystery. With this NWO-Big investment we can determine the particle type. This is the key to finding the sources where we can study the acceleration mechanisms. The interaction of these particles with the Earth’s atmosphere also provides a unique laboratory for particle physics at extreme energy. The new detector will be important to search for new physics in this unknown territory. The amount awarded is 2.500.000 euros. For more information about this project please visit the Nikhef website.
New x-ray fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy capabilities for DUBBLE (management by NWO-I)
The research facility DUBBLE (DUtch-Belgian BeamLinE) is part of the ESRF (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility) in Grenoble, France. The aim of DUBBLE is to give Dutch and Flemish researchers the opportunity to carry out experiments at the ESRF synchrotron radiation facility. NWO funds the DUBBLE Beamline together with Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO) and the responsibility for managing the facility lies with NWO-I. X-rays 100 billion times brighter than the X-rays used in hospitals produced by the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility enable the construction of a super microscope that is able to record the position and type of atoms in condensed and living matter revealing structure and chemical composition both on the outside and deep inside an object without cutting. To make full use of this microscope we need advanced scientific equipment capable to allow us to reveal Nature’s deepest secrets. The amount awarded is 1.530.000 euros. On the ESRF-website and on the NWO-website you will learn more about the research facility DUBBLE.
For more information about the programme NWO Investment Grant Large, an overview of all awarded projects and the selection procedure, please visit the NWO website.